Lithuania, located on the south eastern shores of the Baltic Sea, is the largest of the Baltic States. A mild summer climate, fascinating history and beautiful countryside make it an excellent cycling destination, especially for those interested in culture, history and exploring nature on relatively easy bike trails. Lithuania’s landscape has been smoothed by glaciers leaving a predominantly flat terrain with coastal lowlands and inland highlands dotted with feudal castles, traditional farmhouses and forests.
The unspoilt coastline is the smallest of the Baltics measuring about 100 kilometres long, which can be explored by bike along coastal cycle paths. The Curonian Spit National Park protects inland wetlands and offers the cyclist bike paths and forest trails to the artistic town of Nida. Ride your bike through the Giruliai Forest to the coastal resort town of Palanga.
Vilnius, Lithuania’s capital, is the second largest city in the Baltics. It is known for its beautiful architecture and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. When Napoleon passed through Vilnius on his fateful campaign against Russia in 1812 the city was described as the “Jerusalem of the North”, owing to its large Jewish community. Nearby you can cycle around the ‘chocolate box’ Island Castle of Trakai.
Many cyclists combine a tour of Lithuania with Latvia and Estonia. With such small distances between each country, a cycling tour through all three Baltic States offers an interesting comparison of the history, culture and nature in each.