Before leaving to explore all the natural beauty that Mongolia has to offer, it’s worth checking out the city’s numerous historic sites, architecture, and museums. At some point during their travels, most visitors end up at Sükhbaatar Square, the heart of Ulaanbaatar, named after Damdin Sükhbaatar, the leader of Mongolia’s 1921 revolution. The Parliament House, Stock Exchange, the Drama Theatre and Cultural Palace surround the square, making it difficult to miss.
Nearby, one of Ulaanbaatar’s best known sights is the elegant Gandan Monastery, the largest Buddhist monastery in the country. It was built in the mid 19th century and was the only monastery where Buddhist services continued to be held during the atheist communist era; visitors gather at the temples at 10:00 to observe the multi-hour religious services. Stepping into the fashion world, high quality Mongolian cashmere is widely available throughout the city and always popular with travellers. Some opt for natural tan coloured camel hair, less expensive and warmer and thicker than cashmere, if perhaps more scratchy.