The lion’s share of Khiva’s historic mosques, minarets, mausoleums, and madrasahs are situated within the old walled district of Ichon Kala – literally, ‘within the walls’. In former times, the district housed the city’s elite, including clergy, royalty, and rich merchants; the city beyond the wall, Dichon Kala, was the preserve of peasants and craftsmen. Today, the warren-like streets and alleys of Ichon Kala conceal a staggering array of ancient structures, including the Kuhna ark, the residence of royalty for many generations. The fortress-like structure features a mosque, a jail, fine courtyards, reception, and a throne room complete with star and floral motifs. Nearby, Kalta Minor is a squat blue minaret and the town’s most defining landmark. Dating from the 19th century, legend holds that the Amir Khan wanted to build a minaret to see Bukhara 400 km away, however, the architect never completed his work.