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Greenland is the largest island in the world and home to the world’s largest national park. With large portions of the land permanently covered by an ice sheet, much of the land is inaccessible to all but the hardiest human beings. This has allowed wildlife to thrive in a natural landscape which has had minimal changes imposed by human activity.
An autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, Greenland is one of the least visited and most sparsely populated countries in the world. The only feasible way of witnessing its intricate network of fjords and mountains is to sail there. From the viewing decks of one of our polar expedition vessels, you can gaze upon the beauty of glaciers, fjords and the wildlife that inhabits the area.
In the sea there are good chances of spotting some of the many whale species which ply the food-rich summer waters. If you are lucky, you might even spot narwhal – the only cetacean to sport a spiral tusk from its head (males only). These waters are also home to seals, walrus and a variety of seabirds.
Zodiac inflatable boat excursions allow you to travel deep into some of the fjords where it’s possible to spot some of the land mammals such as musk oxen, reindeer, Arctic fox and Arctic hare. Polar bears also inhabit the land but tends to stay in the more remote areas. You can set foot on shore to explore the tundra and see some of the area’s bird life and perhaps visit some ancient Nordic ruins.
Greenland supports a small human population too. Remote Inuit settlements are scattered along the coast. These hardy people support themselves mainly by fishing and hunting. It is sometimes possible to stop at the village of Ittoqqortoormiit (Scoresbysund) – the most isolated settlement in Greenland - to get a close up look at how the Inuit survive in the harsh conditions.
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