Long before President Grant designated Yellowstone a protected area, the region was home to at least 26 tribes of indigenous peoples, including the Nez Perce, the Crow, and the Shoshone. Pioneers began encountering these groups in 1805, during the famous Lewis and Clark expedition, and by the 1870s and 1880s, all the native people had been effectively removed from their homeland in the park. During this time, Yellowstone began gaining popularity as a tourist destination, today receiving more than 2 million visitors annually.
An established favourite of bird-watchers and wildlife photographers, Yellowstone is renowned for its staggering diversity of flora and fauna, most of which has adapted to the park’s unique micro-climates and altitudes. Grizzly bears, wolves, wild bison, and elk all roam the land, one of the finest habitats for megafauna in the northern hemisphere. While Old Faithful tends to get most of the attention, Yellowstone boasts more than 10,000 thermal features, including some 300 geysers and hot springs. Notorious for its seismic activity, the park is situated on top of the Yellowstone Caldera – a massive supervolcano whose past eruptions are thought to have initiated changes in the global climate.
Yellowstone offers a host of activities to visitors, including horseback riding, llama packing, or even a wagon ride in the summer and spring. Hikes of any length, from brief day excursions to weeks long endurance trials, are popular throughout the year. Based on philosophies of preservation, protection, and maintaining a harmonious balance between humans and nature, Yellowstone has also evolved into an esteemed educational centre - the perfect place to teach children and young adults about the importance of sustainability and living an eco-friendly life.