Ecuador straddles the Equator and is home to a great many species, many of which are endemic to Ecuador. The fact that it has three very different geographical regions: Pacific coastal, Andean and Amazon habitats and climatic zones, all within a relatively small area, provides the basis for Ecuador’s astonishing diversity of wildlife.
This small country is the greatest for its size in South America for birdlife, with 15% of the world’s known bird species. 1600 bird species have been recorded on the mainland, and a further 38 more which are endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Two of the best places in Ecuador to visit for bird lovers are the Mindo Cloudforest or the Amazon Rainforest.